The Citizen Handbook


Understanding Constitutions

The Role of the Constitution

A constitution’s primary role is to set the values, principles and rules to guide people who exist as a unit (i.e. country, organization, etc.). In this regard, the constitution defines the role of the people, creates the organs of governance, and outlines the powers and functions of those organs. It also establishes guidelines for the relationship between the people and the organs of governance. An important role of a modern constitution is to state principles and rules on how people of one nation recognizes and adheres to the rule of law. This occurs by establishing credible institutions and just values, rules and principles.

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