The Citizen Handbook


The Constitution of Kenya, 2010: The People’s Power


The History of Constitutional Reform in Kenya

1998-2005: Constitutional Review Processes

Constitution of Kenya Review Commission (CKRC)

Various discussions and processes to review the Constitution took place between 1998 and 2005. The key constitutional review body established during this period was the Constitution of Kenya Review Commission (CKRC). The purpose of the CKRC was to develop a constitution that addressed the needs and requirements of the citizens.

Bomas Draft

The famous "Bomas Draft" captured the views of citizens. Adoption of the Bomas Draft occurred after a long deliberation during a national delegate’s conference at the Bomas of Kenya. The reason for the lengthy deliberation was that it faced stiff resistance due to its progressive nature.

Wako/Kilifi Draft

The Office of the Attorney General diluted many provisions contained in the Bomas Draft, preserving the old repressive order. The final document produced by the Attorney General, referred to as the "Wako/Kilifi Draft," was put to a vote and  defeated through a national referendum in 2005.

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