The Citizen Handbook
The Constitution of Kenya, 2010: The People’s Power
The History of Constitutional Reform in Kenya
2008: Constitution of Kenya Review Act
The Constitution was identified as an
important tool for improving national cohesion following the 2007/2008
post-election violence. Kenyans viewed its framework as inadequate to meet the
challenges of national cohesion and did not support good governance.
In response to this, the National Assembly passed The Constitution of Kenya Review Act (No. 9 of 2008), which facilitated an assessment of the constitution. The Act established the following organs as the legal institutions to develop and adopt a new constitution:
· The Committee of Experts (COE)was to blend past constitutional proposals and create a harmonized and, later, draft Constitution;
· The Parliamentary Select Committee (PSC)was to review and edit the Harmonized Draft Constitution developed by the COE;
· The National Assemblywas to review and edit the Proposed Draft Constitution developed by COE and PSC; and
· The Referendum was for all citizens to vote to accept or reject the Proposed Constitution.