The Citizen Handbook
The Constitution of Kenya, 2010: The People’s Power
The History of Constitutional Reform in Kenya
2008: The National Accord
In 2008 the National Accord and Reconciliation Act (No. 4 of 2008) was enacted
following violence that erupted after the disputed results of the presidential
elections on December 27, 2007. More commonly known as the "National Accord," the
main aim of the Act was to end violence and, more importantly, put the country on
the path to reform and reconciliation.
The National Accord introduced a coalition government, and made one fundamental change to the former constitution by reintroducing the post of prime minister to coordinate government functions and participate in a coalition government. The National Accord also created two deputy prime minister positions and set forth four agendas to help move the country forward. In brief, these agendas were as follows:
· Immediate action to stop violence and restore fundamental rights and freedoms;
· Address the humanitarian crisis and promote national healing and reconciliation;
· Resolve the political crisis (power-sharing); and
· Develop an implementation matrix on long-term issues and solutions and reform the existing constitution.