The Citizen Handbook
The Constitution of Kenya, 2010: The People’s Power
The Constitution of Kenya, 2010: My Constitution, My Future
The Constitution, the Nation, the People,and the Values
Sovereignty of the People and Supremacy of the Constitution
The Constitution says that it derives its
power from the people, and the persons in positions of leadership or the
various institutions of governance should only exercise that power on behalf of
the people. The Constitution further states that the people shall exercise their
power directly or indirectly through their chosen representative(s).
An emphasis on the sovereignty of the people in the Constitution represents an important change from previous constitutions in terms of the relationship between the people of Kenya and both governing institutions and people in positions of leadership.Finally, the Constitution is the ‘supreme law’ in the country, meaning that every citizen is bound to it and is required to respect and adhere to its rules and principles.
Defending the Constitution
The Constitution requires citizens to defend it
when necessary. Any citizens may defend the constitution either acting on their
own behalf or on the behalf of others. This also includes citizens acting as a
member of a group or in the public interest.
Guiding Values for Kenyans
Article 10 of the Constitution outlines the
values that all citizens, particularly leaders, should apply when implementing
any action required by the Constitution. These values seek to ensure that all
citizens live a life of dignity, equity, and fairness. The Constitution also
defines what the Republic of Kenya is and what it stands for, including its
territorial borders. It further sets the qualifications for, and the rights of,
citizens. Additionally, it explains that culture is a foundation of the State
and creates an obligation on the government to promote and protect culture.
Application & Implication
The Constitution aims to change and improve
the way we govern our country. It contains provisions that acknowledge the fact
that all sovereign power belongs to the people of Kenya. Citizens will now have
an opportunity to get involved and participate in the decision-making process.
They will also play a role in ensuring accountability on the part of leaders,
public servants, and officers of the State. Finally, the Constitution improves
the planning, governance, and service provision with adequate funding at the
county and sub-county level.